Well it's all a bit off topic for the thread but basically it comes down to the owner of the property, if you cover it over with screed for example then had kitchen fitters in to fit a new kitchen you'd be responsible for letting them know what's under the screed before they drilled into it. Of course you'd only be liable if you knew they contained asbestos which they might or might not. Paper suit and a mask, damped down with water and double bagged with bags from the local council is all that's required, the council used to take small residential amounts and provide the bags for free but I'm not sure if that's still the case.
Funnily enough vinyl floor tiles came up as an example at the last course we did, the dangers and course of action required if any isn't calculated on the individual substance but the condition of it and it's likelihood to become damaged or damaged further and become airborne, the points from high heeled shoes were shown to release fibres from these tiles. They are one of the lowest risk regarding the fibres but score highest from the likelihood of being broken scale, anyone that's dragged a washing machine over them and watched them shatter knows only too well. Something like a factory roof would score high on the nastiness of the product but low on the chances of it being damaged providing everyone follows the asbestos register.
A building like a school would keep a record by law and any responsible tradesperson should check the register and sign it before carrying out any work.
Good old asbestos, I've already had a few lungs full over the years!
After many of these courses what I've learnt is other than something that can be removed and bagged whole, like an airing cupboard door for example or clearly low risk like the floor tiles just don't touch it and get the professionals in.